Targeting lung cancer
Individualized cancer therapies will improve the quality of life
April 30, 2014
To call 83-year-old Jackie Raser a cancer survivor is an understatement. Diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer in 2008, she underwent more than a year of intense drug therapy at a nearby hospital.
When treatment failed to stop the tumor̕s growth, doctors there told her she had just months to live.
“We were stunned,” her daughter Nancy Harris says. “But we decided to do fun things while she still could. We threw her a 79th birthday party, thinking it would be the last.”
Instead, the party was a new beginning for Raser. One of the guests told Harris about Dr. Ignatius Ou, a UC Irvine Health oncologist and researcher at the Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, who was conducting clinical trials of a drug targeting gene mutations in non-small cell lung cancers.
When Ou learned that Raser had one of the rare mutations the drug crizotinib is designed to treat, he immediately enrolled her in the trial. The results exceeded all expectations.
“When my mother started crizotinib, she was struggling to breathe and had a terrible cough,” Harris says.
After just two weeks, Raser̕s cough improved, and the tumor had shrunk to a degree that surprised even Ou. Within three months, it was dormant.
“Although crizotinib doesn̕t cure cancer, it can block genetic pathways that cause tumor cells to grow,” Ou explains. Raser continues to take the drug and lives a full, active life despite her disease.
“With chemotherapy, I was vomiting and was so weak I couldn̕t walk from one room to the other,” Raser says.“Now I get tired, but it̕s nothing like the other drugs.”
Moreoever, Ou̕s care of Raser is changing the way lung cancer is treated nationwide. A report on Raser̕s response to crizotinib was published and helped lead the National Comprehensive Cancer Network to recommend using the drug to treat this rare type of lung cancer.
Ou explains that lung cancer treatment has changed dramatically in the last few years. Tumors now undergo molecular profiling, and therapies are tailored to each patient̕s unique cancer. Targeted treatments have a much higher success rate and tend to be less toxic than older regimens.
“Dr. Ou is incredibly dedicated, responsive and compassionate,” Harris says. “Thanks to him, it̕s 2014, and my mom̕s still here.”
More than two dozen lung cancer trials are underway at UC Irvine Health. If you̕re interested in learning more, call 714-456-8000, or visit ucirvinehealth.org/lungcancer.
— UC Irvine Health Marketing & Communications
Featured in UC Irvine Health - Spring/Summer 2014 Issue