Traumatic Brain Injury
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when an external force — a bump, blow, jolt or penetrating object — injures the brain. A TBI can result in a broad spectrum of symptoms and disabilities depending on the severity and complexity of the injury.
Every year, traumatic brain injuries are a factor in many deaths and cases of permanent disability, according the the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2010 alone, 2.5-million cases of TBI were reported in the United States.
TBIs can range from mild — as in a concussion — to severe. A mild brain injury may cause temporary dysfunction of brain cells, whereas more serious injury can cause severe bruising or bleeding in the brain that could lead to serious long-term complications.
A TBI can cause several symptoms affecting physical, cognitive, social and emotional behavior. Outcomes can range from complete recovery to permanent disability or even death.
It is vital to seek immediate medical attention after a head trauma to avoid long-term injury to the brain and future complications.
For more information on traumatic brain injury, call UC Irvine Health Neurosurgery Services at 714-456-6966 or 855-557-1531.